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Parents: The solar eclipse is nothing to fear. Here’s how to watch it with your kids.

(Fethi Belaid/AFP/Getty Images)

Parents: The solar eclipse is nothing to fear. Here’s how to watch it with your kids.

(This is reprinted from the Washington Post.)

A total solar eclipse is an incredible thing — something I deeply believe should be experienced by adults and children alike. It literally illustrates how our solar system works as the moon travels directly between the sun and Earth. It is a science class brought to life in a way schools will never be able to re-create.For kids, this could be a significant moment in their little lives. They could be inspired to learn more about space and science in general. For older students, it could trigger exciting new career goals. For you, parent, the eclipse will give you the opportunity to create a memory your children won’t forget.As the big event gets closer, some schools have decided to close on Aug. 21, simply because they can’t handle the logistics of wrangling a thousand kids to watch the solar eclipse. That makes sense. It’s unfortunate for parents who aren’t going to be able to arrange child care that day, let alone child care that will help the kids watch the eclipse. But I understand the eclipse may be a burden — particularly when special equipment and planning is needed to ensure the kids are able to watch it safely.

Capital Weather Gang’s Angela Fritz breaks down what will happen when a total solar eclipse crosses the U.S. on Aug. 21. (Claritza Jimenez, Daron Taylor, Angela Fritz/The Washington Post)

Some of the letters I’ve read from schools to parents, though, have made me anxious. They include phrases like “the dangers of watching this event.” That can easily be interpreted as, “this event is dangerous and should not be watched.” I hate to think that kids — or anyone, really — missed out on the eclipse because they thought it was something to fear.

If your child’s school is closing, I hope the letter encourages parents to watch it with their kids and explains how to do it safely. If I were writing it myself, here’s what it would say:

Dear parent,

A really exciting thing is happening on Monday, Aug. 21 — a solar eclipse! For many people, this may be a once-in-a-lifetime opportunity to see our solar system in action. And it’s a great teaching moment for our kids.

A solar eclipse occurs when the moon passes between Earth and the sun, blocking our view of the sun. The eclipse will occur across the continental United States on Aug. 21. It will start on the West Coast and end on the East Coast. Everyone in the continental U.S. will be able to see at least a partial eclipse on this day.

We can’t stare at the sun without protective eyewear, though. That means a little bit of preparation is needed before Aug. 21.

This is why you need special sunglasses to view the total eclipse
Capital Weather Gang’s Angela Fritz explains what could happen to your eyes if you were to watch the Aug. 21 eclipse without special sunglasses and how to spot the ones that work. (Claritza Jimenez, Daron Taylor, Angela Fritz/The Washington Post)

Here’s how to watch it safely with your kids:

  1. Locate some solar eclipse glasses. Some libraries and museums are giving them away for free. If you can’t find a free pair, you can buy them online from one of the reputable vendors at the bottom of this email.
  2. Make sure your child’s glasses fit his or her face. If they’re too large, you may be able to cut and tape them at the nose to make them smaller. Your child should be able to see through both of the dark lenses.
  3. Prior to the eclipse, explain to your child that we shouldn’t stare at the sun because it will damage our eyes. But also let them know that with these special glasses, we CAN look at the sun so we can see this awesome event. It may also be helpful to explain that they have to keep their glasses on because that’s the only way to see the moon moving in front of the sun. Without the glasses, the sunlight is too bright and you won’t be able to see anything!
  4. During the eclipse, keep the glasses on while you want to look at the sun. It’s a long event, so it’s okay for your child to take the glasses off if he or she wants to do other things. Just put them back on before you look at the sun again.
  5. If you live in the path of totality, your child can safely take the glasses off during the time when the moon is completely obscuring the sun. You’ll want to be able to see that with your bare eyes! When totality ends, put the glasses back on.

If you aren’t able to get the special glasses, there are other ways to “watch” and enjoy the solar eclipse:

— One way is through a camera obscura. Take a box — a shoebox works well — and poke a very small hole in it on one end. When you point the hole toward the sun during the eclipse, you’ll be able to see the moon covering up the sun on the opposite side of the box, where the light shines through.

— You can also watch the ground for something special. It’s similar to the way that you can see the eclipse in a camera obscura shoebox. The space between leaves creates little holes where the light passes through, and the result is thousands of little solar eclipse shadows on the ground.

— You might also enjoy paying attention to how the ambient light changes during the eclipse. It may become a little bit cooler, too. Animals may become very quiet — or perhaps your neighborhood dogs will start barking! It will be fascinating to see how nature responds to this event.

The most important thing is to enjoy this special event safely with your child — no matter how you decide to view it. It will be a memory you’ll never forget.


Angela Fritz
Science enthusiast/Space nerd

Here’s a list of eclipse glasses brands and vendors from the American Astronomical Society:

Brands (Products)